Um dicionário biográfico dos livres pensadores antigos, medievais e modernos

por Joseph McCabe

A

Abbe, Ernst (1840-1905)

And-Er-Rahman III (891-961)

Abelard, Peter (1080-1142)

Ackermann, Louise Victorine (1813-1890)

Adams, John (1735-1826)

Adamson, Robert (1852-1902)

Addams, Jane (1863-1935)

Aikenhead, Thomas (1678-1697)

Airy, George Biddell (1801-1892)

Akbar, o Grande (1542-1602)

Alembert, Jean Le Rond D’ (1717-1783)

Aleieri, Francesco (1712-1761)

Alice, Princesa. Veja Victoria.

Allbrutt, Thomas Clifford (1826-1925)

Allen, Coronel Ethan (1737-1789)

Allenby, Edmund Henry Hynman (1861-1936)

Allingham, William (1824-1889)

Alma-Tadema, Laurence (1836-1912)

Amicis, Edmonde De (1846-1908)

Anaxagoras (500-428 A.C.)

Andrews, Stephen Pearl (1812-1886)

“Angel Norman”. Veja Lane. R.N.A.

Annunzio, Príncipe Gabriele D’ (1863-1938)

Anthony, Susan Brownell (1820-1906)

Arago, Dominique Francois Jean (1786-1853)

Aranda, Pedro Pablo Abaraca Y Bolea D’ (1718-1798)

Argenson, Marc Pierre De Voyer De Paulmy D’ (1696-1764)

Aristipo (435-356 A.C.)

Aristóteles (384-322 A.C)

Arnold, Edwin (1832-1904)

Arnold, Matthew (1822-1888)

Arnoldson, Klas Pontus (1844-1916)

Arrhenius, Svante August (1859-1927)

Arriaga, Manoel Jose D’  (1839-1917)

Asoka (200-232 A.C.)

Aspasia (Século V – A.C.)

Ataturk, Mustafa Kamal (1881-1938)

Avebury, Barão de. John Lubbock  (1834-1913)

Averroes (1126-1198)

Avicenna (960-1017)

Azana, Manoel (1800-1940)

B

Bacon, Francis (1581-1626)

Bakunin, Mikhail (1814-1876)

Baldwin, Mark (1861-1934)

Ballance,  John (1839-1893)

Balmaceda, Jose Manoel (1840-1891)

Balzac, Honore De (1799-1859)

Bancroft, Hubert Howe (1832-1918)

Barlow, Joel (1754-1812)

Barnard, Henry (1811-1900)

Barre, Chevalier de La, (1747 – 1766)

Barton, Clara (1822-1912)

Baudelaire, Charles Pierre (1821-1867)

Bayle, Pierre (1647-1706)

Bebel, Ferdinand August (1840-1913)

Becearia-Bonesana, Marquis Cesare (1738-1794)

Beethoven, Ludwig Von (1770-1827)

Benavente Y Martinez, Jacinto (1888-1954)

Bennet, Enoch Arnold (1867-1931)

Bentham, Jeremy (1748-1832)

Bergson, Henri Louis (1859-1933)

Berlioz, Hector (1803-1869)

Bernard Claude M.S., D.Sc., (1813-1878)

Bernhardt, Sarah (1845-1923)

Barthelot, Professor Pierre Eugene Marcellim (1827-1907)

Bethell, Richard, Baron Westbury (1800-1873)

Beyle, Marie Henri (1783-1842)

Bickersteth Henry, Baron Langdale (1783-1851)

Bierce, Ambrose (1842-1914)

Bizet, Alexandre Cesar Leopold – Georges Bizet (1838-1875)

Bjornson, Bjornstjerne (1832-1910)

Blanc, Jean Joseph Charles Louis (1811-1882)

Blind, Mathilde (1841-1896)

Bloch, Ivan (1872-1912)

Boileau-Despreaux, Nicolas (1636-1711)

Bonheur, Rosa (1822-1899)

Boito, Arrigo (1842-1918)

Bolingbrokem, Visconde. Veja St. John, Henry.

Bolivar, Simon (1783-1830)

Bonaparte, Prince Jerome (1784-1860)

Bonaparte, Prince Napoleon Joseph Charles Paul (1822-1891)

Marie Rosalie (1822-1899)

Borrow, George (1803-1881)

Bougainville, Count Louis Antoine De (1729-1811)

Bowen, Baron Charles Synge Christopher (1835-1894)

Bradlaugh, Charles (1833-1891)

Bradley, Francis Herbert (1846-1924)

Braga, Theophilo (1843-1924)

Brahms, Johannes, (1833-1897)

Bramwell, Baron George William Wilshire (1808-1892)

Brandes, Georg (1842-1927)

Braun, Lily (1865-1916)

Brieux, Eugene (1858-1938)

Brinton, Daniel Garrison (1837-1899)

Brooke, Rupert (1887-1915)

Brosses, President Charles de (1709-1777)

Brown, Bishop William Montgomery (1855-1937)

Browne, Thomas (1605-1682)

Browning, Robert (1812-1889)

Bruno, Giordano (1547-1600)

Buchner, Professor Friedrich Karl Christian Ludwig (1824-1899)

Buckle, Thomas (1821-1862)

Buddha (aproximadamente 560-480 A.C.)

Buffon, Count-Georges Louis Leclerc De (1707-1788)

Burbank, Luther (1849-1926)

Burckhardt, Professor Jacob (1818-1897)

Burdett, Francis (1770-1844)

Burgers, Thomas Francis (1834-1881)

Burns, Robert (1759-1796)

Burroughs, John (1851-1921)

Burton, Richard Francis (1821-1890)

Bury, Professor John Bagnall  (1861-1927)

Butler, Samuel (1835-1902)

Byron, Lord George Gordon (1788-1824)

C

Cabanis, Pierre Jean Georges (1757-1808)

Cambaceres, Prince Jean Jacques Regis De (1753-1824)

Campbell Thomas (1777-1844)

Carducci, Professor Giosue (1836-1907)

Carlile, Richard (1790-1843)

Carlyle, Thomas (1797-1881)

Carnegie, Andrew (1837-1919)

Carnot, Count Lazare Nicolus Marguerite (1753-1823)

Caroline. Rainha da Inglaterra(1683-1737)

Catherine A Grande (1729-1796)

Cavandish, The Honorable Henry (1731-1810)

Ceddo D’ Ascoli (1257-1327)

Celsus, Aurelius (Século II)

Chamberlain, Daniel Henry 1835-1907)

Champollion Jean Francios (1790-1832)

Chantrey Francis Leggat (1781-1841)

Chaptal, Jean Antoine Claude (1756-1832)

Chatelet, The Marchioness Gabrielle Emilie De (1706-1749)

Chaucer, Geoffrey (1328-1400)

Cherubini, Mario Luigi Carlo Zenobio-Salvadore (1760-1842)

Child, Lydia Francis (1802-1880)

Cicero, Marcus Tullius (106-43 A.C.)

Claretie, Jules Arsene Arnaud (1840-1910)

Clemenceau, George Eugene Benjamin (1841-1929)

Clemens, Samuel Langhorne (1835-1910)

Clough, Arthur Hugh (1819-1861)

Coleridge, John Duke Baron (1820-1894)

Collier The Honorable John (1850-1934)

Collins, Anthony (1676-1729)

Collins, Professor John Churton (1848-1908)

Comte, Isadore Marie Auguste Francois Xavier (1798-1857)

Condillac, Etienne Bonnet De Mably De (1715-1780)

Condorcet, O Marquês Marie Jean Antoine Nicholas De Caritat De (1743-1794)

Confucius (forma latina de Kung-fu-tse, 551-479 A.C)

Conrad, Joseph (1857-1924)

Conway, Moncure Daniel (1832-1907)

Conway, William Martin (1856-1937)

Cooper, Anthony Ashley. Primeiro Conde de Shaftesbury (1621-1683)

Cooper, Peter (1771-1883)

Conybeare, Frederick, Cornwallis (1856-1924)

Cope, Professor Edward Drinker (1840-1897)

Courtney, Barão Leonard Henry (1832-1918)

Cousin, Victor (1792-1867)

Cremer, William Randal (1838-1908)

Croce, Professor Benedetto (1866-1952)

Cross, Mary Ann. Veja George Eliot.

Curie, Manya or Marie (1867-1934)

Curie, Professor Pierre (1859-1906)

D

Danton, Georges Jacques (1759-1794)

Darrow, Clarence (1857-1938)

Darusmont, Francis (1795-1852)

Darwin, Charles Robert (1809-1882)

Darwin, Erasmus (1731-1802)

Daudet, Alphonso (1840-1897)

David, Jacques Louis (1748-1825)

Davids, Professor Thomas William Rhys (1843-1922)

Debussy, Claude Achille (1862-1918)

Deffand, A Marquesa Marie Anne De Vichy-Chamrond Du (1697-1780)

De Gubernatis, Conde Angelo (1840-1913)

Delacroix, Ferdinand Victor Eugene (1798-1863)

Delambre, Jean Baptiste Joseph (1749-1822)

DesMoulins, Benoit Camille (1760-1794)

Destutt De Tracy, Conde Antoine Louis Claude (1754- 1836)

Dewey, Professor John (1859-1952)

Diaz, Porfirio (1830-1915)

Diderot, Dennis (1713-1784)

Dio Chrysostom (50-117)

Dolet, Etienne (1509-1546)

Douglas, Stephen Arnold (1813-1861)

Dowden, Professor Edward (1843-1913)

Draper, Professor John William (1811-1882)

Dreiser, Theodore (1871- 1945)

Dresden, Edmond (died 1903), atheist.

Dumas, Alexandre (1824-1895)

Dupont De Nemours, Pierre Samuel (1739-1817)

Dupuis, Professor Charles Francois (1742-1809)

E

Edison, Thomas Alva (1847-1931).

Edwards, John Passmore (1823-1911)

Einstein, Professor Albert (1879-1955)

Eliot, Professor Charles William (1834-1926)

Eliot, George. Mary Ann Cross (1819-1880)

Elizabeth, Rainha da Inglaterra(1533-1603)

Ellis, Henry Havelock (1859-1939)

Emerson, Ralph Waldo (1803-1882)

Emmet, Robert (1778-1803)

Engels, Fredrich (1820-1895)

Ensor, George (1769-1843)

Epictetus (aproximadamente 50-100)

Epicurus (341-270 A.C.)

Erasmus, Desiderius (1466-1536)

Ericsson, John (1803-1889)

Erigena, John Scotus (615-677)

Espronceda, Jose De (1810-1842)

Euripides (480-406 A.C.)

F

Fabre, Jean Henri (1823-1915)

Faure, Framcios Felix (1841-1899)

Fawcett, Edgar (1847-1904)

Fawcett, o Muito Hornado Henry (1833-1884)

Fels, Joseph (1854-1914)

Ferrer Y Guardia, Francisco (1859-1909)

Ferrero, Gugielmo (1872-1942)

Fermi. Professor Enrico (1856-1929)

Ferry, Jules Francios Camille (1832-1893)

Feuerbach, Ludwig Andreas (1804-1872)

Fichte, Professor Johan Gottlieb (1762-1814)

Fiske, Professor John (1842-1901)

Fitzgerald, Edward (1809-1883)

Flammarion, Nicholas Camile (1842-1925)

Flaubert. Gustave (1821-1880)

Foote, George William (1850-1915)

Fourier, Barão Jean Bapiste Joseph (1768-1830)

Fox, O Muito Honrado Charles James (1749-1806)

Fox, Elizabeth Vassale, Lady Holand (1770-1845)

Fox, Henry, Primeiro Barão Holland, Pai de C.J. (1705-1774)

Fox, Henry Richard Vassale, Terceiro Barão Holland (1773-1840)

France, Jacques Anatole (1844-1942)

Frankland, Edward (1825-1899)

Franklin, Benjamin  (1706-1790)

Frazer, James George (1855-1939)

Frederico II (1194-1251)

Frederico, O Grande (1712-1786)

Freud, Sigmund (1856-1939)

Froebel, Friedrich (1782-1852)

Froude, James Anthony (1818-1894)

Fuller, Sarah Margaret, Marquesa de Ossoli (1810-1850).

G

Gage, Matilda Joslyn (1826-1898)

Galdos, Benito Perez (1845-1920)

Gallatin, Albert (1761-1849)

Galsworthy, John O.M. (1867-1933)

Galton, Francis (1822-1911)

Gambetta, Leon Michel (1838-1882)

Garibaldi, Giuseppe (1807-1882)

Garrison, William Lloyd (1805-1879)

Gautier, Theophile (1811-1872)

Gay-Lussac, Joseph Louis (1772-1850)

Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire Etienne (1772-1844)

Gibbon, Edward (1737-1794)

Giddings Franklin Henry (1855-1931)

Gifford, Lorde Adam (1820-1887)

Girard, Stephen (1750-1831)

Gobineau, Conde Joseph Arthue (1816-1882)

Goblet, D’Aviella, Conde Eugene (1846-1925)

Godkin, Edwin Lawrence (1831-1902)

Godwin, Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797)

Godwin, William (1746-1836)

Goeth, Johann Wolfgang Von (1749-1832)

Goncourt, Edwmond Louis Antoine De (1822-1896) e Jules Alfred Huet De (1830-1870)

Gorky, Alexei Maximovich Peskov (1868-1936)

Gourmont, Remy De (1858-1915)

Grant, Ulysses Simpson (1822-1885)

Green, John Richard (1837-1883)

Gregorovius, Ferdinand (1821-1881)

Grey, Earle Albert Henry George (1851-1917)

Grote, George (1794-1871)

Guyot, Yves (1843-1928)

H

Hadrian, o Imperador (76-138)

Haeckel, Professor Ernst Heinrich (1834-1919)

Halevy, Jacques Francios Fromen-tel Elie (1799-1862)

Halley, Edmund (1656-1741)

Habnson, Richard Davies (1805-1876)

Harte, Francis Bret (1836-1902)

Hauptmann, Gerhart (1862 )

Hawthorne, Nathaniel (1804-1864)

Hazlitt, William (1778-1830)

Hearn, Lafcadio (1850-1904)

Hegel, Professor George Wilhelm Friedrich (1770-1831)

Heine, Heinrich (1797-1856)

Helmholtz, Professor Herman Ludwig Von, (1821-1894)

Helvetius, Claude Adrien (1715-1771)

Henley, William Ernest (1849-1903)

Heráclito (500-440 A.C.)

Herbert, Baron Edward (1582-1648)

Hertzogenberg, Heinrich Von (1843-1900)

Hervey, Lord John (1696-1743)

Hobbes, Thomas (1588-1679)

Hobhouse, Baron Arthur (1819-1904)

Holbach, Baron Paul Heinrich Dietrich Von (1723-1789)

Holland, Lorde e Lady. Veja Fox

Holmes, Oliver Wendell (1809-1894)

Holyoake, George Jacob (1817-1906)

Home, Henry, Lorde Kames (1696-1782)

Hooker, Joseph Dalton (1817-1911)

Horsley, Victor Alexander Haden (1857-1916)

Howells, William Dean (1837-1920)

Huerta, General Victoriano (1854-1916)

Hugo, Victor Marie (1802-1885)

Humboldt, Barão Alexander Von (1769-1859)

Hume, David (1711-1776)

Huneker, James Gibbons (1860-1921)

Hutton, James (1726-1797)

Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825-1895)

I

Isben, Henrik (1828-1906)

Ingersoll, Robert Green (1833-1899)

Ingram, Professor John Kells  (1823-1907)

J

James, William (1842-1910)

Jameson, Leander Storr (1853-1917)

Jaures, Jean Leon (1859-1914)

Jefferson, Thomas (1743-1826)

Jennings, Herbert Spencer (1868-1947)

Johnson, Richard Mentor (1780-1850)

Johnson, Harry Hamilton (185801927)

Jordan, David Starr (1851-1937)

Juarez, Benito Pablo (1806-1872)

Julian, Flavius Claudius Julianus (331-363)

K

Kant, Immanuel (1724-1804)

Keats, John (1795-1821)

Keith, Arthur (1866-1955)

Keith, George Earl Marischal (1693-1778)

Key, Ellen Karolina Sofia (1849-1926)

Kingdon, William  (1845-1879)

Kingsley, Mary Henrietta (1862-1900)

Kneeland, Abner (1774-1844)

Krekel, Arnold (1815-1888)

Kropotkin, Peter Alexeivich (1842-1921)

L

Labouchere, Henry Du Pre (1831-1912)

Lacepede, Bernard Germain Etienne De La Ville (1756-1825)

Layfayette, Marie Jean Paul Roch Yves Gilbert Marie De (1757-1834)

Lagrange, Joseph Louis (1736-1813)

Lalanda, Joseph Jerome Le Francais De (1732-1807)

Lamarck, Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine De Monet De (1744-1829)

Lamb, Charles (1775-1834)

Lamb, William Viscount Melbourne (1779-1848)

Lamennais, Hugues Felicite Robert de (1782-1854)

Lane, Ralph Norman Angell (1872-1967)

Lang, Andrew (1844-1912),

Lankester, Edwin Ray (1847-1929)

Lao-Tse (aproximadamente 600 B.C.)

Laplace, Pierre Simon De (1749-1827)

Larkin, Edgar Lucien (1847-1921)

Larousse, Pierre Athanase (1817-1875)

Lassalle, Ferdinand Johann Gottheib (1825-1864)

Leveran, Charles Louis Alphonese (1845-1922)

Lavisse, Ernest (1842-1922)

Lawrence, Thomas Edward (1883-1935)

Layard, Austin Henry(1817-1894)

Lecky, William Edward Tartpole (1838-1903)

Leconte, Joseph (1823-1901)

Leconte, De Lisle Charles Marie Rene (1818-1894)

Lee, General Charles (1731-1782)

Leidy, Professor Joseph (1823-1891)

Leighton, Baron Frederic (1830-1896)

Leland, Charles Godfrey (1824-1903)

Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (1870-1924)

Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519)

Leopardi, Count Giacono (1798-1837)

Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim (1729-1781)

Letourneau, Charles Jean Marie (1831-1902)

Leuba, James Henry (1867-1946)

Lewis, Sinclair  (1885-1951)

Lick, James (1796-1876)

Liebknecht, Wilhelm (1826-1900)

Lincoln, Abraham (1809-1865)

Littre, Maximilien Paul Emile (1801-1881)

Llorente, Juan Antonio (1756-1823)

Locke, John (1632-1704)

Loeb, Jacques (1859-1924)

Loisy, Alfred Firmin (1857-1940)

Lombroso, Cesare (1836-1909)

London, Jack (1876-1916)

Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth (1807-1882)

Lotze, Rudolf Hermann (1817-1881)

Loubet, Emile (1838-1929),

Lowell, Percival (1855-1916)

Lucretius, Titus Lucretius Carus (aproximadamente 98-55 A.C.)

Lyall, Alfred Comyn (1835-1911)

Lyell, Charles (1797-1875)

M

Machado, Bernardino (1851-1922)

Mackintosh, James (1765-1832)

M’Taggart, John M’Taggart Ellis (1866-1925)

Madison, James (1751-1836)

Maeterlinck, Maurice (1862-1949)

Maitland, Frederick William  (1850-1906)

Mandeville, Bernard (1670-1733)

Manfred (1232-1266)

Mann, Horace (1796-1859)

Marat, Jean Paul (1744-1793)

Marcus Aurelius Antoinus (121-180)

Mariette, Francois Auguste Ferdinand (1821-1881)

Marlowe, Christopher (1564-1593)

Marshall, Henry Rutgers (1852-1927)

Marten, Henry (1602-1680)

Martineau, Harriet (1802-1876)

Marx, Karl (1818-1883)

Masaryk, Tomas Garrigue (1850-1937)

Mascagni, Pietro (1863-1945)

Mason, Josiah (1795-1881)

Massenet, William Emile Frederic (1842-1912)

Maugham, William Somerset (1874-1965)

Maupassant, Henri Rene Albert Guy De (1850-1853)

Maxim, Hiram Stevens (1840-1916)

Mazzini, Guiseppe (1805-1872)

Melbourne, Lord. V eja Lamb

William. Melville, Herman (1819-1891)

Mendel, Gregor Johann (1822-1884)

Mendelssohn, Moses (1729-1786)

Mencius – Meng-Tse (371-288 A.C.)

Meridith, George (1828-1909)

Merimee, Prosper (1803-1870)

Metchnikov, Il’ya (1845-1916)

Michelet, Jules (1798-1874)

Mill, James (1773-1836)

Mill, John Stuart (1806-1873)

Milton, John (1608-1674)

Mirabeau, Honore Gabriel Victor Riquetti (1749-1791)

Miranda, Francisco (1756-1816)

Mirbeau, Octave (1850-1917)

Mitchell, Peter Chalmers (1864-1945)

Moleschott, Jakob (1822-1893)

Moliere, Jean Baptiste Poquelin (1622-1673)

Molteno, John Charles (1814-1886)

Mommsen, Theodor (1817-1903)

Monge, Gaspard, Conde de Peluse (1746-1818)

Monroe, J. R. (1825-1891)

Montagu, Edward. Conde de Sandwich (1625-1672)

Montagu, Mary Wortly (1689-1762)

Montaigne, Mitchel Eyquem De (1533-1592)

Montesquieu, Charles De Secondat, Barão de La Brede e de (1689-1755)

Montgolfier, Joseph Michel (1740-1810)

Moore, George (1853-1933)

Morley, John, Visconde Morley de Blackburn (1838-1925)

Morris, Gouveneur (1752-1816)

Morris William (1834-1896)

Morse, Edward Sylvester (1838-1925)

Moscheles, Felix (1883-1917)

Motley, John Lothrop (1814-1877)

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-1791)

Muavia (510-585)

Murchison, Roderick Impey  (1792-1871)

Murray, Gilbert (1866-1957)

Musset, Louis Charles Alfred De (1810-1857)

N

Nansen, Professor Fridtiof (1861-1930)

Napier, Charles James (1782-1853)

Napoleão (1769-1821)

Negri, Gaetano (1838-1902)

Newcomb, Simon (1835-1909)

Niebuhr, Barthold Georg (1776-1831)

Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm (1844-1900)

Nightengale, Florence (1829-1910)

Norton, Charles Eliot (1827-1908)

O

O’Connor, Arthur Condorcet (1765-1852)

Oersted, Hand Christian (1777-1851)

O’Higgins, Bernardo (1776-1842)

Omar Khayyam (1048-1131)

O’Neill, Eugene Gladstone (1888-1953)

Osler, William, Bart (1849-1919)

Owen, Robert (1771-1858)

Owen, Robert Dale (1801-1877)

P

Paganini, Niccolo (1782-1840)

Paine, Thomas (1737-1809)

Palmer, Elihw (1764-1806)

Palmerston, Henry John (1784-1865)

Parry, Charles Hubert Hastings (1848-1918)

Parton, James (1822-1891)

Pasteur, Louis (1822-1895)

Pater, Walter Horatio (1839-1894)

Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich (1849-1936)

Pedro O Grande (1672-1725)

Pericles (B.C. 490-429)

Pestalozzi, Johann Heinrich (1746-1827)

Petty, William (1737-1807)

Phillpotts, Eden (1862-1960)

Picasso, Pablo (1881-1973)

Pillsbury, Parker (1809-1898)

Pirandello, Luigi (1887-1936)

Pitt, William (1708-1778)

Place, Francis (1771-1854)

Planck, Max (1858-1947)

Platãp (426-347 A.C.)

Plotina, Pompeia  (aproximadamente 70-121)

Poe, Edgar Allan (1809-1849)

Poincare, Jules Henri D. Math (1854-1912)

Pollock, Frederick (1845-1937)

Pope, Alexander (1688-1744)

Proctor, Richard Anthony (1837-1888)

Protagoras (aproximadamente 481-411 A.C.)

Ptolemy II (309-287 A.C.)

Pushkin, Alexander Sergeyevich (1799-1837)

Putnam, George Haven (1844-1930)

Q

Quatrefages, De Breau, Jean Louis Armande (1810-1892)

Quental, Anthero De (1842-1891)

Quesnay, Francois (1694-1774)

R

Rabelais, Francois (aproximadamente1495-1553)

Ramsay, Sir William (1852-1916)

Rawlinson, Henry Creswickm Bart (1810-1895)

Reade, William Winwood (1838-1875)

Renan, Joseph Ernest (1823-1892)

Rhodes, Cecil John (1853-1902)

Ricardo, David (1772-1823)

Richardson, Benjamin Ward (1828-1896)

Richet, Charles (1850-1935)

Richter, Johann Paul Frederich (1763-1825)

Rizal, Jose M.D., (1861-1896), Philippine rebel.

Robertson,  John Mackinnon (1856-1933)

Robespierre, Maximillien Francois Marie Isidore De (1758-1794)

Rodin, Francios Auguste (1840-1917)

Roland De La Platiere, Jean Marie (1734-1793)

Rolland, Romain (1866-1944)

Romilly, Samuel (1757-1818)

Rose, Ernestine Louise Lasmond Potovsky (1810- )

Ross, Edward Alsworth (1866-1951)

Rossetti, Dante Gabriel (1828-1882)

Rostand, Edmond (1868-1918)

Rosseau, Jean Jacques (1712-1778)

Ruskin, John (1819-1900)

Russell, Bertrand Arther William (1872-1970)

S

Sainte-Beuve Charles Francois De (1804-1869)

St. Evermond, Charles De Marguetel De Saint Denis, Seigneur De (1610-1703)

St. John Henry, Viscount Bolingbroke (1678-1751)

Saint Pierre Jacques Henri Bernardin De (1737-1814)

Saint Simon Count Claude Henti De Rouvry De (1760-1825)

Sand, George (1804-1876)

Santa Maria, Domingo (1825-1885)

Santayana, George (1863-1952)

Sardou, Victorien (1831-1908)

Savile, George (1633-1695)

Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich Von (1759-1805)

Schopenhauer, Arthur (1788-1860)

Schreiner, Olive (1862-1920)

Schubert, Franz Peter (1797-1828)

Schumann, Robert (1810-1856)

Seeley, John Robert (1834-1895)

Seneca, Lucius Aenaeus (1- 65)

Sergi, Giuseppe (1841-1936)

Servetus, Michael (1511-1553)

Seymour, Edward Adolphus, Duke of Somerset and Earl St. Maur (1804 – 1885)

Shaftesbury, o Conde de. Veja Cooper.

Shakespeare, William (1564-1616)

Shaw, George Bernard (1856-1950)

Shelburne, Lord. Veja Petty

Shelley, Percy Bysshe (1792-1822)

Sherrington, Charles Scott (1857-1952)

Sidney, Alrernon (1622-1682)

Sieyes, Emmanuel Joseph (1748-1836)

Sinclair, Upton (1878-1968)

Smith, Adam (1723-1790)

Smith, Gerrit (1797-1874)

Smith, Sir Grafton Elliott (1871-1937)

Smith, Professor Goldwin (1823-1910)

Snell, Henry of Plumstead (1865-1945)

Snyder, Carl (1869-1946)

Socinus, Laelius (1528-1562)

Soddy, Frederick (1877-1956)

Somerset, O Duque de. Veja  Seymour

Somerville, Mary (1780-1872)

Spencer, Herbert (1820-1903)

Spinoza, Baruch Benedict (1632-1677)

Stael-Holstein, Anne Louise Germaine De (1766-1817)

Stalin, Josef Vissarionovich (1879- )

Stanhope, Lady Hester Lucy (1776-1839)

Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902)

Stendhal, M. De. Veja Beyle

Stephen, Leslie (1832-1904)

Stevenson, Robert Louis, (1850-1894)

Stout, Robert (1844-1930)

Strauss, David Friedrich (1808-1874)

Strauss, Richard (1864- ), German composer.

Strindberg, Johan August (1849-1912), Swedish novelist, poet, and dramatist, the chief writer after Isben.

Sudermann, Hermann (1857-1928), leading German novelist and dramatist of the first quarter of the century.

Sally, Prudhomme, Rene Francois Armand (1839-1907), distinguished French poet, Nobel prize winner.

Sumner, Charles (1811-1874), statesman.

Suttner, Baroness Bertha Von, (1843-1914), Austrian pacifist and Nobel Prize winner.

Swinburne, Algernon Charles (1837-1909), greatest English poet since Shelley.

Syme, David (1827-1908) Australian philanthropist.

Symonds, John Addington (1840-1893), notable British writer, author of a 2-volume standard work on the Italian Rennaissance.

T

Tagore, Rabindranath (1861-1941)

Taine, Professor Hippolyte Adolphe D. es L. (1828-1893), eminent French historian.

Tai-Tsung (600-650) Chinese emperor of the Tang Dynasty.

Tallyrand-Perigard, Prince Charles Maurice De (1754-1838), rench statesman.

Tchaikovsky, Peter Ilich (1840-1893), famous Russian composer.

Tchekov, Anton Pavlovich (1860-1904)

Tennyson, Baron Alfred (1809-1892), leading English poet.

Thackeray, William Makepeace (1811-1863), notable British novelist.

Thales (B.C. 630-546), founder of Greek philosophy.

Thiers, Adolphe (1797-1877), French statesmen and historian.

Thompson, Daniel Greenleaf (1850-1897), psychologist.

Thompson, Sirf Henry Baronet, F.R.C.S. (1820-1904), British surgeon.

Thompson, William (1785-1833), Irish economist.

Thompson, James (183401882), British poet.

Thoreau, Henry David (1817-1862), writer.

Thorvaldsen, Bertel (1770-1844), famous Danish sculpter.

Tindal, Matthew, B.A., D.C.L., (1657 – 1733), British Deist.

Toland, John, M.A., (1670-1722) British Diest.

Tolstoi, Count Lew Nikolaivich (1828 – 1910), famous Russian reformer.

Tone, Theobald Wolfe, B.A., LL. D. (1763 – 1798), another of the brilliant young Irish Deists of the latter part of the 18th century.

Tooke, John Horne, M.A., (1736-1812), British reformer.

Tree, Sir Herbert Beerbohm (1853-1917), famous British actor.

Trelawny, Edward John (1792-1881) Shelly’s friend.

Trench, Herbert (1865-1923), British poet.

Trevelyan, Arthur (died 1878), writer.

Tribonian, (Sixth century), Greek jurist.

Turgeniey, Ivan Sergievich (1818 – 1883) famous Russian novelist.

Turgot, Anne Robert Jacques, Baron De Laune (1727 – 1781), celebrated French statesman and economist.

Turner, Joseph Mallard William. (1775 – 1851), famous British painter.

Twain, Mark. See Clemens.

Tylor, Sir Edward Burnett, D. Sc., D.C.L., F.R.S., (1832 – 1917), British anthropologist.

Tyndall, Professer John, Ph.D., LL.D., F.R.S., (1820-1893), famous British physicist.

U

Uberweg, Professor Friedrich, Ph. D., (1826-1871), German historian of philosophy.

Uhland, professor Johan Ludwig. LL.D., (1787 – 1852), German poet.

Ulpianus, Domitius (wrote about 211 – 222), Roman jurist.

Ulrici, Professor Hermann (1806 – 1884), German philosopher.

Unna, Professor Paul Gerson, M.D. (1850 – ) German anatomist.

V

Vacherot, Professor Etienne, Ph. D. (1809-1897), French philosopher and statesman.

Vale, Gilbert (1788 – 1866), writer.

Valla, Lorenzo (1406-1457), Italian Humanist.

Vambery, Professor Armin (1832-1913), Hungarian-Jewish philologist.

Vanini, Lucilio (1585-1619), Italian martyr of freethought.

Vaughan, Professor Henry Halford (1811-1885), British historian.

Vauvenargues, the Marquis Luc de Clapoers de (1715 – 1747), French moralist.

Verhaeren, Emile (1855 – 1916), “Belbium’s most famous poet” and “the greatest exponent in European poetry of universal ideas” (Annual Register in obituary).

Verdi, Guiseppe (1813 – 1901), “the greatest Italian composer of the 19th century (Internat. Enc.), author of Rigoletto, Il Trovatore, etc.

Verestchagin, Vassili Vassilievich (1842 – 1904), greatest of Russian painters.

Vernes, Professor Maurice, D.D. (1845 – 2908) French biblical critic.

Vernet, Emile Jean Horace (1789 – 1863), French painter.

Verworn, Professor Max, Sc. D.,M.D., LL. D. (1863 – 1921), German physiologist.

Vesalius, Andraeas (1514 – 1564), famous Flemish anatomist, one of the chief founders of the science on Europe.

Vico, Professor Giovanni Battista (1668 – 1744), Italian founder of Sociological Science.

Victoria, Princess Adelaide, Mary Louise (1840 – 1901)

Vigny, Alfred De (1797 – 1863)

Villari, Professor Pasquale (1827 – 1917)

Virchow, Professor Rudolph, M.D. (1821-1902)

Vogt, Professor Karl (1817 – 1895)

Volney, Count Constantin Francios Chasseboeuf De (1757 – 1820)

Voltaire, Francois Arouet De (1694 – 1778)

W

Wagner, Wilhelm Richard (1813 – 1883)

Waite, Charles Burlinghame, A.M . (1824 – 1895), jurist.

Wakeman, Thaddeus Burr (1834 – 1913), lawyer and writer.

Wallace, Alfred Russel, O.M., LL. D., D.C.L., F.R.S., (1823 – 1913), naturalist.

Walpole, Sir Robert, Earl of Oxford (1676 – 1745), famous British statesman.

Ward, Lester Frank (1841 – 1913), sociologist.

Washington, George (1732 – 1799), First President.

Watson, William (1858 – 1935)

Watt, James (1736 – 1819)

Watts, George Frederick (1817 – 1904)

Weismann, Professor August (1834 – 1914)

Wellhausen, Julius (1844 – 1918)

Wells, Herbert George (1866 – )

Westermarck, Professor Edward Alexander (1862 – 1939)

Whistler, James M’Neill (1833 – 1903)

White, Professor Andrew Dickson (1832 – 1918)

Whitman, Walt (1819 – 1892)

Wieland, Christoph Martin (1733 – 1813)

Wilcox, Ella Wheeler (1855 – 1919)

Wilkes, John, F.R.S. (1727 – 1797)

Wilson, Sir Roland Kynet of Delhi (morreu em 1919)

Wollaston, William, M. A. (1660 – 1724)

Wollstonecraft, Mary, see Godwin.

Woolner, Thomas (1825 – 1892)

Woolston, Thomas (1670 – 1733)

Wright, Chauncy (1830 – 1875)

Wright, Elizur, (1804 – 1885)

Wright, Frances. See D’Arusmont.

Wundt, Professor Wilhelm Max (1832 – 1920)

Wurtz, Professor Charles Adolph (1817 – 1884)

Wyroubov, Count Grigorio Nicolaievich (1842 – )

X

Ximenes, The Marquis Agustin Louis (1726 – 1817)

Y

Yeats, William Butler (1865 – 1939)

Youmans, Edward Livingston (1821 -1887)

Younghusband, Sir Francis Edward (1863 – 1942)

Z

Zanardelli, Guiseppe (1826 – 1903)

Zangwill, Israel (1864 – 1926)

Zeller, Professor Eduard (1814 – 1908)

Zeno (B.C. 336 – 254)

Zimmern, Helen (1846 – 1895)

Zola, Emile Edouard Charles Antoine (1840 – 1902)

Um dicionário biográfico dos livres pensadores antigos, medievais e modernos – Joseph McCabe

Fonte: The Secular Web
Tradução, adaptação e notas: Maurício Sauerbronn de Moura
(Datas foram revisadas e acrescentadas)

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